The First Committee also called as Disarmament and International Security deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime. It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments.
TOPIC 1: Devising measures for foreign military interventions and peacekeeping missions
Peacekeeping by the United Nations is a role held by the Department of Peace Operations as an instrument developed by the organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict to create the conditions for lasting peace. Peacekeepers monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed. UN peacekeepers can include soldiers, police officers, and civilian personnel. There has been much controversy if UN peacekeepers are effective and capable of maintaining or enforcing peace. Since UN peacekeepers are deployed by the Security Council, there has also been criticism that peacekeepers can’t be deployed everywhere they’re needed, since their utilisation has to be agreed upon by the P5 countries. Often, nations take the matter into their own hands and deploy their own army in another country. There has been much controversy if a foreign military intervention is ever justified. Guidelines and measures for these interventions need to be created to ensure stability and safety on our planet.
TOPIC 2: Creating guidelines for the usage of nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons are the most dangerous weapons on earth. One weapon can easily destroy a whole city, potentially killing millions of people, and endangering the natural environment and lives of future generations through its long-term catastrophic effects. The dangers of such weapons result from their very existence. Although they have only been used twice — in the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. Today, several countries want to have a nuclear program of their own. This has been condemned by a number of countries since the intentions for the usage of nuclear weapons are unclear. There has been an ongoing debate criticising the very existence of nuclear weapons. Should more countries be allowed to obtain nuclear weapons? Should nuclear weapons even exist? These are just some of the questions that need to be answered to ensure world peace.
Beginner: Japan, Republic of Belarus, Arab Republic of Egypt, Republic of Kazakhstan, the Syrian Arab Republic, Federal Republic of Somalia, Georgia, Republic of South Africa, the Republic of Austria
Intermediate: State of Israel, Republic of Korea, the Republic of China, Federal Republic of Germany, Taliban, Republic of India, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Republic of Iraq, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Advanced: United States of America, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Islamic Republic of Iran, French Republic, Russian Federation, DPRK, People’s Republic of China, Ukraine
List of available countries here