The Human rights council concerns itself with the violations of basic human rights, as defined by The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, around the Earth. It is one of the General Assembly committees but it also has an indirect influence on the Security Council as it often resolves the same conflicts.
TOPIC 1: The ongoing issue of child labour and limited access to education, especially in developing countries
Slave labor has been one of the biggest issues in the world throughout the existence of humankind. Some of us believe it is an issue of the past, yet in the 21st century, we come to see it as a bigger issue than ever before. In the world’s poorest countries, slightly more than 1 in 5 children are engaged in child labor and around 31% of the children are not in school. This number might increase in the future as the demands from western countries grow and the need for vital supplies of the citizens does not stop. The lack of education does not end in developing countries. Countries, such as Ukraine or Afghanistan, have been to a great extent influenced by military interventions and therefore are in a very critical situation regarding their school systems. All of the issues are violating human rights and need to be addressed now.
TOPIC 2: The issue of organ trafficking
Despite being specifically mentioned in the internationally-recognized definition of trafficking in human beings in the Palermo Protocol, trafficking in human beings for the purpose of the removal of organs remains one of the most unknown and least addressed forms of human trafficking globally. Refugees are amongst one of the most vulnerable people to be victims of organ trafficking. Many military conflicts force the people to flee their countries. Refugees are dependent on smugglers and opportunists to save their lives. This often advances to the misuse of their trust and the loss of their organs. Many refugees will as well sell their organs because of the desperation to support themselves and their families. Further more in some areas of the world, it is allowed to steal the organs of someone who has committed a crime that would be punished by the death penalty. Acknowledging the fact that academic publications mostly originate from rich countries, poor and middle-income countries are actually the most vulnerable because they are either transit or origin areas for most international migrants.
Beginner: Kindom of Spain, Republic of Poland, Republic of Zimbabwe, Republic of the Philippines, Kingdom of Thailand, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Yemen, Republic of South Africa, the Republic of India, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Republic of Indonesia
Intermediate: French Republic, Federal Republic of Germany, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Greece, Republic of Kosovo, Republic of Columbia, Socialist Republic of Vietnam, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, United Mexican States, Syrian Arab Republic, Republic of Belarus
Advanced: United States of America, Turkey, Federative Republic of Brazil, People’s Republic of China
List of available countries here