The United Nations Legal Committe is the primary forum for the consideration of legal questions in the general assembly such as providing legal recommendations and assessments. In this year’s GOMUN, the committee has transferred to the year 2050 and will attempt to address the issues of the upcoming times of our world. All member states are entitled to representation in the committee’s proceedings.
TOPIC 1: Establishing guidelines for human genetic modification
The year is 2050 and many of society’s predictions have come true. One of them is surely the expanding usage of genetic engineering. Modifying the DNA of fruit, vegetables and even animals has become the new standard. This is mainly because of the need to feed the increasing Earth’s population. Genetic modification of humans, however not as widely spread, has been one of the most burning questions of the past few years.
More and more women are using artificial insemination to conceive a child. Thanks to the immense progress of science, parents are now able to choose from plenty of embryos based on their physical traits. This would not on its own be problematic, however, the mentality of choosing your future descendant led to the expansion of designer babies. It is now more accessible to adjust the DNA of an embryo in order to eliminate congenital diseases. Although this is still a matter for the elites, the recent progress is rather concerning. Therefore, the LEGAL committee’s meeting has been established with the goal of avoiding greater problems in the future.
TOPIC 2: Addressing the problem of overpopulation
At the same time, the world is facing another greater and more current problem, overpopulation. The increasing number of people mainly in Asia and Africa has gotten out of hand. This led to the even more rapid creation of slums around crowded cities. The overpopulated regions are drowning in poverty and people are suffering. Many of them are not even able to afford basic life necessities.
At the same time, the population in developed countries is shrinking leading to a problem with the elderly. The imbalance of overpopulated areas with no more space to spare and rich areas with decreasing population is creating a crisis that has to be dealt with.
Beginner: Republic of Austria, Italian Republic, Swiss Confederation, Socialist Republic of Vietnam, United Mexican States, Republic of the Philippines
Intermediate: French Republic, Federal Republic of Germany, Japan, Republic of Korea, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Federative Republic of Brazil, Republic of Indonesia
Advanced: United States of America, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Russian Federation, People’s Republic of China, Federal Republic of Nigeria, the Republic of India
List of available countries here