TOPIC 1: Tackling the issue of child prostitution

Child prostitution involves exploiting children for sexual acts in return for money or other benefits, affecting both boys and girls due to their vulnerability. This exploitation is driven by perpetrators’ desire for control, novelty, and perceived impunity. The primary driver behind this exploitation is poverty, leading some parents to sell their children into this grim trade, while others are kidnapped and forced into prostitution networks. This exploitation severely impacts the children’s mental health and future, often trapping them in a cycle where they might become exploiters themselves.Marginalized and without education, these children face rejection, lack access to healthcare, and live in poor conditions, increasing their risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections since numerous clients refuse to have protected sexual encounters with a child. Child prostitutes are in greater demand than ever before because of the mistaken notion that they are less likely to be infected by HIV. Virgins are presented at high prices to brothel clients as AIDS-free. They are exploited, and many become pregnant.

TOPIC 2: Addressing the problem of child refugees in Latin America

Child refugees in Latin America have become a significant issue in recent years, driven to leave their homes and communities by the conditions they face in their country of origin. Migration is driven by various factors such as poverty, violence, and natural disasters, exacerbated by climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic. In the region, children represent 25% of migrants, with thousands crossing dangerous routes like the Darien jungle. In the first half of 2023, more than 40,000 children were among the 196,000 migrants undertaking the journey. Children under 11 years old now make up 91% of those migrating, posing challenges for migration policies and humanitarian responses.


Beginner: Argentina, Albania, Cambodia, Dominic Republic, India, Jamaica, Netherlands, Spain, Thailand

Intermediate: Canada, El Salvador, Germany, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru

Advanced: Brazil, Colombia, French Republic, Haiti, People’s Republic of China, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States of America, Venezuela