The Security Council is undoubtedly the most important and most powerful organ of the United Nations. It consist of 15 members, five of which are permanent members ("P5 states "). These states also hold veto powers. The other 10 rotate in terms, each term the 10 spots are filled with 10 different states which do not possess the veto rights. The usual agenda of the SC includes major conflicts, threats to global peace and security or highly volatile political matters.

TOPIC: Bringing an end to the Middle Eastern Cold War

The Middle Eastern Cold War is the ongoing struggle for influence in the Middle East between Iran and Saudi Arabia. The Saudis and Iranians have never actually declared war on each other. Instead, they fight indirectly by supporting opposing sides in other countries and provoking conflicts. This has a devastating effect on the region. A number of countries can not function if there are larger countries pulling strings within their borders. The Saudi-Iranian rivalry has become a fight over influence, and the whole region is their battlefield. The conflict today is primarily a political and economical problem based on religious differences. Iran is largely Shia Muslim, while Saudi Arabia sees itself as the leading Sunni Muslim power. As a result, the tension between the two territories is rising and it is essential to address this issue and resolve the conflict.

Country matrix:

Intermediate: Syrian Arab Republic, Taliban, Republic of Lebanon, Arab Republic of Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, French Republic, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, State of Israel, Republic of Yemen, People’s Republic of China, Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Advanced:  Islamic Republic of Iran, Russian Federation, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United States of America

List of available countries here