The Security Council is undoubtedly the most important and most powerful organ of the United Nations. It consist of 15 members, five of which are permanent members (“P5 states “). These states also hold veto powers. The other 10 rotate in terms, each term the 10 spots are filled with 10 different states which do not possess the veto rights. The usual agenda of the SC includes major conflicts, threats to global peace and security or highly volatile political matters.

TOPIC 1: The ongoing civil war in Sudan 

The conflict in Sudan has been a long-standing and complex issue, marked by a history of civil wars, ethnic tensions, and political upheaval. It largely centers around issues of power, resources, and identity. The most notable conflicts include the Darfur conflict, which began in the early 2000s and resulted in significant violence and displacement, and the Second Sudanese Civil War, which lasted for decades and ultimately led to the secession of South Sudan in 2011. While there have been some efforts at peace and political transition, Sudan continues to grapple with internal conflicts, economic challenges, and a search for stability and lasting peace.

Country matrix:

Advanced: Arab Republic of Egypt, Republic of Chad, Republic of South Sudan, Central African Republic, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, United Arab Emirates, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Republic of the Sudan, State of Israel, Federal Republic of Germany

Expert: French Republic, People’s Republic of China, Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America